Pembelajaran al-Qur’an Secara Digital: Pergeseran Sistem Isnad dan Peneguhan Otoritas Baru

Abdul Majit, Miski Miski

Abstract


This research analyzes the phenomenon of changes in the isnad system in learning on the Qur’an on the Qara'a mobile application. This mobile application provides Al-Qur'an learning services that are supported by machine learning and artificial intelligence to correct the user's reciting of the Qur'an so that they have a "teacher" studying the Qur'an anywhere and anytime. The question then is, why has there been a change in the isnad system in transmitting scientific reciting of the Qur'an to the Qara'a mobile application, and what are the implications caused by this? In explaining the things that have been mentioned, this research uses a qualitative approach with a descriptive-critical analysis model; this method necessitates a pattern of depiction that does not merely present data objectively but also explains the implications of findings from related data. This research shows that changes in the isnad system in transmitting scientific reciting of the Qur'an are inevitably caused by mediamorphosis with the development of information and communication technology. In this context, this change occurs because of four main things, namely industry needs, demands for other technological needs, supporting legal actions and regulations, and societal pressure. The implications of this change occur in the process of mediamorphosis of the transmission media of reciting Al-Qur'an scholarship or even all of the transmission media of Islamic scholarship and the emergence of machine learning and artificial intelligence as new religious authorities.


Keywords


Artificial Intelligence; Mediamorphosis; Social Media; Shifting Authority

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdussalam, Aam, Mohammad Rindu Fajar Islamy, and Muhamad Parhan. 2021. “Al- Quran Digital Vs al-Quran Cetak: Menjelajahi Perspektif Mahasiswa Terhadap Pemanfaatannya dalam Dimensi Globalisasi.” Nun: Jurnal Studi Alquran Dan Tafsir Di Nusantara 7(1):267–99.

Adha, L. Hadi, Zaeni Asyhadie, and Rahmawati Kusuma. 2020. “Digitalisasi Industri Dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Ketenagakerjaan Dan Hubungan Kerja di Indonesia Industrial.” Jurnal Kompilasi Hukum V(2):268–98.

Ahmadi, Rizqa. 2019. “Kontestasi Atas Otoritas Teks Suci Islam di Era Disrupsi: Bagaimana Kelas Menengah Muslim Indonesia Memperlakukan Hadis melalui Media Baru.” Jurnal Studi Agama Dan Masyarakat 15(1):22–35.

Andriani, Anita, Arbiati Faizah, Indana Lazulfa, and Istiqomah Istiqomah. 2021. “Aplikasi Belajar Tajwid Menggunakan Binary Search.” JURNAL ELTEK 19 (2):1–8.

Anggrian, Mayang, and Siti Nur Lathifah. 2018. “Komodifikasi Hijab dalam Budaya Visual di Indonesia.” PRABANGKARA Jurnal Seni Rupa Dan Desain 22(1):1–8.

Annisa, Firly. 2018. “Hijrah Milenial: Antara Kesalehan Dan Populism.” Maarif 13 (1):38–54.

Apriyani, Siska Nur, Ryo Yudowirawan, Fathurozi Fathurozi, Moch Lukluil Maknun, and Umi Muzayanah. 2022. “Misplace Otoritas Berbagi Konten Keagamaan pada Grup WhatsApp.” Jurnal SMART (Studi Masyarakat, Religi, Dan Tradisi) 8(2):205–18.

Barir, Muhammad. 2015. “The Civilisation of the Quran and the Network of the Ulama in the Coastal Areas of Lamongan and Gresik.” Suhuf 8(2):371–90.

Bila, Salsal, Ahmad Sanusi Luqman, and Nurmisda Ramayani. 2022. “Penggunaan Aplikasi Qara’a Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Membaca Al-Qur’an Pada Siswa Kelas X MAS Al-Maksum Stabat.” Khazanah : Journal of Islamic Studies 1(7):1283–90.

Cipta, Hendra. 2021. “Pemuda Pontianak Ciptakan Aplikasi Belajar Al Quran Dengan Kecerdasan Buatan.” Kompas.Com, April.

Efendi, Sofian. 2021. “Sejaran Dan Perkembangan Metode Pembelajaran Baca Al-Qur’an Di Indonesia.” Institut Ilmu Al-Qur’an dan Tafsir Jakarta.

Emzir. 2010. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif: Analisis Data. 1st ed. Jakarta: PT RajaGrafindo Persada.

Fidler, Roger. 1997. Mediamorphosis: Understanding New Media. 1st ed. edited by B. Berenson. California: Pine Forge Press.

Hidayat, Syarif. 2016. “Al-Qur’an Digital (Ragam, Permasalahan Dan Masa Depan).” Jurnal Studi Islam 1(1):1–40.

Hizbullah, Nur, Fuzi Fauziah, and Fazlurrahman. 2016. “Penyusunan Model Korpus Al-Qur’an Digital.” Jurnal AL-AZHAR INDONESIA SERI PRANATA SOSIAL 3(3):215–27.

Jalil, Abdul. 2018. “Sejarah Pembelajaran al-Qur’an di Masa Nabi Muhammad Saw.” INSANIA: Jurnal Pemikiran Alternatif Kependidikan 18(1):1–17.

Jihan, Mutohharun. 2013. “Intervensi New Media Dan Impersonalisasi Otoritas Keagamaan di Indonesia.” Jurnal Komunikasi Islam 3(2):322–48.

Khoiruddin, Heri, and Adjeng Widya Kustiani. 2020. “Manajemen Pembelajaran Tahsin Al-Quran Berbasis Metode Tilawati.” Jurnal Isema: Islamic Educational Management 5(1):55–68.

Kuntowijoyo. 2018. Muslim Tanpa Masjid: Mencari Metode Aplikasi Nilai-Nilai Al-Qur’an Pada Masa Kini.

Liputan6.com. 2022. “Tembus 1 Juta Pengguna, Aplikasi Qara’a Sasar Pasar Global.” Liputan6.Com, July, 2.

Lukman, Fadhli. 2018. “Digital Hermeneutics and A New Face of The Qur`an Commentary: The Qur`an in Indonesian`s Facebook.” Al-Jami’ah: Journal of Islamic Studies 56(1):95–120.

Mardiana, Reza. 2020. “Daya Tarik Dakwah Digital Sebagai Media Dakwah untuk Generasi Milenial.” Komunida: Media Komunikasi Dan Dakwah 10(02):148–58.

Mariana, Dina. 2022. “Perluas Pasar Global, Aplikasi Qara’a Hadirkan Versi Bahasa Inggris.” Kumparan.Com, July.

Miski, Miski. 2021. “Amplification of Islamic Doctrines in Hadith Memes Prohibition of Women Travels Without a Mahram on Indonesian Social Media.” Jurnal Studi Ilmu-Ilmu Al-Qur’an Dan Hadis 22(1):230–57.

Miski, Miski, and Ali Hamdan. 2021. “Posting Hadis dan Kesalehan Digital: Mengurai Fenomena Keberagamaan Generasi Milenial.” Mutawatir: Jurnal Keilmuan Tafsir Hadith 11(2):283–306.

Mudin, Miski. 2019. Islam Virtual: Diskursus Hadis, Otoritas, dan Dinamika Keberislaman di Media Sosial. 1st ed. edited by N. Afifah. Bantul: BILDUNG.

Mukaromah, Kholila. 2020. “Wacana Kesetaraan Gender dalam Meme Hadis: Studi Etnografi Virtual pada Akun Instagram @mubadalah.Id.” Mutawatir : Jurnal Keilmuan Tafsir Hadith.

Nikmah, Faridhatun. 2020. “Digitalisasi Dan Tantangan Dakwah Di Era Milenial.” Muẚṣarah: Jurnal Kajian Islam Kontemporer 2(1):45.

Nisa, Khalimatu. 2023. “Otoritas Keagamaan di Ruang Siber: Praktik Akun @Ulama Nusantara Merespon Propaganda di Media Sosial.” Subulana: Journal of Education and Islamic Studies 6(2):1–14.

Nur, Mhd., and Syafrizal. 2022. “Riwayat Peradaban Awal Islam Minangkabau di Nagari Tapakis Ulakan Kabupaten Padang Pariaman.” Tsaqofah & Tarikh 7(1):76–96.

Piliang, Yasraf Amir. 2012. “Masyarakat Informasi Digital: Teknologi Informasi dan Perubahan Sosial.” Jurnal Sosioteknologi 11(27):143–55.

Puspitasari, Debi Ayu. 2022. “Kebijakan Pentashihan Aplikasi Al-Qur’an Digital di Indonesia: Studi Perkembangan Aplikasi ‘Al-Quran Kementerian Agama’ Dan Permasalahannya.” J-PAI: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam 8(1):12–22.

Qudsy, Saifuddin Zuhri. 2018a. “Pesantren Online: Pergeseran Otoritas Keagamaan di Dunia Maya.” Living Islam: Journal of Islamic Discourses 2(2):169–87.

Qudsy, Saifuddin Zuhri. 2018b. “Pesantren Online: Pergeseran OtoritasKeagamaan di Dunia Maya.” Living Islam 2(2):169–87.

Rachmadhani, Arnis. 2021a. “Otoritas Keagamaan di Era Media Baru: Dakwah Gus Mus Di Media Sosial.” Panangkaran: Jurnal Penelitian Agama Dan Masyarakat 5(2):150–69.

Rachmadhani, Arnis. 2021b. “Otoritas Keagamaan di Era Media Baru.” Panangkaran: Jurnal Penelitian Agama Dan Masyarakat 5(2):150–69.

Rahman, Adi Fida. 2022. “Aplikasi Qara’a Dibekali AI, Bantu Baca Al-Qur’an Dengan Benar.” Detikinet, August.

Rahmayani, Tati. 2018. “Pergeseran Otoritas Agama dalam Pembelajaran Al-Qur’an.” MAGHZA: Jurnal Ilmu Al-Qur’an Dan Tafsir 3(2):189–201.

Rahmayunita, Husna. 2021. “Laris Manis, Aplikasi Belajar Alquran Canggih Qara’a Buatan Pemuda Kalbar.” Suarakalbar.Id, April.

Ratnasri, Dewi. 2020. “Problematics of the Qur’an Learning in the Industry Era.” POTENSIA: Jurnal Kependidikan Islam 6(1):72–92.

Rumata, Vience Mutiara. 2017. “Digitalisasi Dan Eksistensi Media Cetak (Studi Kualitatif Majalah Go Girl Dan Harian Suara Pembaharuan).” Komunikologi 15(2):128–36.

Saputra, Eko, and Fadhli Fadhli. 2020. “Media Baru, Fragmentasi Dan Kontestasi Otoritas Keagamaan Di Aceh: Dari Ulama Lokal Ke Ustaz New Media, Shifting and Contestation of Religious Authority in Aceh: From Ulama Lokal To Ustaz’S.” Lektur: Keagamaan 18(2):429–62.

Surakhmad, Winarno. 1990. Pengantar Penelitian Ilmiah Dasar. Bandung: Tarsito.

Suyuthi, Jalaluddin Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakri. 2021. Al-Itqan Fii "Ulumil Quran. 8th ed. edited by M. S. Hashem. Beirut: Dar Al-Kotob Al- Ilmiyah.

Wijaya, Anugrah Bagus, and Ridana Dimas Tunggal Prakoso. 2017. “Keefektifan Aplikasi Buku Digital Cara Cepat Belajar Membaca Al-Quran.” Citisee 2017 4(1):102–4.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18784/smart.v9i1.1795
Abstract - 577 PDF - 264

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.